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Leg Cramps


A leg cramp is a painful tightening of the muscles in the leg.

  • A leg cramp generally comes on suddenly in a leg or foot. 
  • A leg cramp feels like a tight or stiff feeling.
  • There is often difficulty moving the foot or leg.

Leg cramps can be caused by being in bed for long periods of time. They can also be caused by a chemical imbalance.

To avoid leg cramps:

  • Stretch the tight muscle as much as you comfortably can.
  • Change position often.
  • Exercise legs in bed. For example, bend and straighten legs 10 times at least twice a day. If you cannot move your legs, ask someone to move them for you.
  • A bed cradle that holds sheets and blankets off of your feet can help avoid leg cramps if you are bed bound.
  • Keep warm.
  • Speak with your doctor about muscle relaxants, heat, massage and a possible chemical imbalance.

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